Solving Partitioning and RI Validation Errors - Teradata Database

Teradata Database Administration

Teradata Database
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You can use the following procedures and tools to detect and correct errors in tables that use partitioning and referencing. (For details, see “Partitioned and Nonpartitioned Primary Indexes” and “FOREIGN KEY … REFERENCES Constraints” in Database Design.)


IF you want to …


correct a partitioning expression that is causing transaction rollbacks due to an evaluation error (such as divide by zero)

do one of the following:

  • Change the partitioning expression
  • Delete the rows causing the problem
  • Remove partitioning from the table
  • Drop the table
  • find invalid table states or internal structures

    run the CheckTable utility LEVEL 3 command.

    regenerate only the headers in a table with partitioning

    use the ALTER TABLE … REVALIDATE statement.

    validate a column-partitioned table or join index

    use the REVALIDATE option of the ALTER TABLE request.

    for a table with partitioning:

  • Regenerate table headers
  • Re-evaluate partition expressions
  • Recalculate row hash values
  • Move rows to proper AMPs and row partitions
  • Update any SI, JI, and HI defined for the table

  • WITH DELETE deletes any rows with a partition number that is null or outside the valid range.
  • WITH INSERT [INTO] deletes any rows with a partition number that is null or outside the valid range and inserts them into save_table.
  • Note: REVALIDATE changes the table version.

    reset the state of RI tables after an ARC RESTORE operation

    run the ARC utility REVALIDATE REFERENCES FOR command. See Teradata Archive/Recovery Utility Reference for details.

    find corrupt rows after running an update or delete operation using WITH NO CHECK OPTION on tables with RI constraints

    submit the RI Validation Query, structured as:

    SELECT DISTINCT childtablename.*
    FROM childtablename,parenttablename WHERE childtablename.fkcol NOT IN (SELECT pkcol FROM parenttablename)
    AND childtablename.fkcol IS NOT NULL;

    This query reports every row in the Child table with an FK value that does not have a matching PK value. (FK nulls are excluded because it is not possible to determine the values they represent.)

    purify a Child table for which corrupt rows were reported by the RI Validation Query

    delete from the Child table any reported rows as soon as possible to maintain the integrity of your database.