16.20 - Fallback and Secondary Indexes - Teradata Database - Teradata Vantage NewSQL Engine

Teradata Vantage™ SQL Data Definition Language Detailed Topics

Teradata Database
Teradata Vantage NewSQL Engine
Release Number
Release Date
March 2019
Content Type
Programming Reference
Publication ID
English (United States)

You cannot explicitly specify fallback for secondary index subtables. Instead, any secondary indexes defined on a table or join index inherit the fallback properties of their parent table or join index.

Fallback is very important if a system needs to reconstruct data from fallback copies when a hardware read error occurs when it attempts to read the primary copy of the data. When a read error occurs in this case, the file system reads the fallback copy of USI subtable rows and reconstructs a memory-resident image of them on their home AMP. This is referred to as Read From Fallback. See Teradata Vantage™ - Database Design, B035-1094. Without this feature, the file system fault isolation logic would abort the transaction and, depending on the error, possibly mark the index as being down. See SET DOWN and RESET DOWN Options. Support for Read From Fallback is limited to the following cases.
  • Requests that do not attempt to modify data in the bad data block
  • Primary USI subtable data blocks. Read From Fallback does not support NUSI subtable data blocks.
  • Reading the fallback data in place of the primary data.

    In some cases, Active Fallback can repair the damage to the primary data dynamically. In situations where the bad data block cannot be repaired, Read From Fallback substitutes an error-free fallback copy of the corrupt rows each time the read error occurs. To avoid the overhead of this substitution, you should drop the USI and recreate it.

To enable the file system to detect all hardware read errors for USIs, set CHECKSUM to ON.