Define a column named j in table t1.
The following statement returns an error because j is defined to be an alias for the expression SUM(t1.j). However, when it is used in the ORDER BY clause, the system resolves it to the column j and not the expression aliased by j:
SELECT t1.i, SUM(t1.j) AS j, t1.k FROM t1 GROUP BY 1,3 ORDER BY j;
The following statement works because the column name alias jj is not the same as the column name j, and there is no column named jj in the table definition.
SELECT t1.i, SUM(t1.j) AS jj, t1.k FROM t1 GROUP BY 1,3 ORDER BY jj;