17.05 - LOCKING Request Modifier Use With DML Statements - Advanced SQL Engine - Teradata Database

Teradata Vantage™ - SQL Data Manipulation Language

Product
Advanced SQL Engine
Teradata Database
Release Number
17.05
Release Date
January 2021
Content Type
Programming Reference
Publication ID
B035-1146-175K
Language
English (United States)

The following table lists the associations between individual SQL DML statements and lock upgrades and downgrades at the row (rowkey or rowhash), view, base table, and database object levels:

LOCKING Modifier Severity SQL DML Statements
EXCLUSIVE or

WRITE

  • DELETE
  • INSERT
  • MERGE
  • SELECT
  • SELECT AND CONSUME
  • UPDATE
READ or SHARE SELECT
ACCESS SELECT
ACCESS for LOAD COMMITTED SELECT

EXCLUSIVE and WRITE are the only lock severities for the DELETE, INSERT, MERGE, UPDATE, and SELECT AND CONSUME statements because the default lock severity for these statements is WRITE. You cannot downgrade a WRITE lock for these statements because doing so would compromise the integrity of the database. Because the SELECT statement does not change data, and therefore cannot compromise database integrity, you are permitted to change its default locking severity to any other severity.

You can specify lower locking severity levels than are listed in this table, but if you do, the system ignores them and uses WRITE.

For details about locking levels, locking severities, and the relationship between them, see Teradata Vantage™ - SQL Request and Transaction Processing, B035-1142.