17.05 - SELECT Subqueries - Advanced SQL Engine - Teradata Database

Teradata Vantage™ - SQL Data Manipulation Language

Product
Advanced SQL Engine
Teradata Database
Release Number
17.05
Release Date
January 2021
Content Type
Programming Reference
Publication ID
B035-1146-175K
Language
English (United States)
A subquery is a SELECT expression that is nested within another SQL statement or expression. You can specify SELECT expressions as subqueries in a main query, an outer query, or another subquery for these DML statements:

The upsert form of UPDATE does not support subqueries as WHERE clause conditions. For more information about the upsert form of the UPDATE statement, see UPDATE (Upsert Form).

The syntax rules require that if there are any subqueries in the statement, then any tables referenced in the SELECT must be specified in a FROM clause, either of the subquery itself or of some outer query that contains the subquery.

Correlated subqueries are another category of subquery. A subquery is correlated when it references columns of outer tables in an enclosing or containing, outer query. Correlated subqueries provide an implicit loop function within any standard SQL DML statement.

For details on correlated subqueries and their use, see Correlated Subqueries.

For simple examples of correlated subqueries, see Examples: SELECT Statements with a Correlated Subquery.

Scalar subqueries are another category of subquery that can be coded either as a correlated subquery or as a noncorrelated subquery. A correlated scalar subquery returns a single value for each row of its correlated outer table set. A noncorrelated scalar subquery returns a single value to its containing query. For information about scalar subqueries, see Scalar Subqueries.