Returns the population covariance of its arguments for all non-null data-point pairs.
For the COVAR_POP window function that performs a group, cumulative, or moving computation, see Window Aggregate Functions.
Covariance measures whether or not two random variables vary in the same way. It is the average of the products of deviations for each non-null data point pair.
Note that high covariance does not imply a causal relationship between the variables.
When there are no non-null data point pairs in the data used for the computation, then COVAR_POP returns NULL.
Division by zero results in NULL rather than an error.