17.00 - GROUP BY grouping_specification - Advanced SQL Engine - Teradata Database

Teradata Vantage™ - SQL Data Definition Language Syntax and Examples

Product
Advanced SQL Engine
Teradata Database
Release Number
17.00
Release Date
September 2020
Content Type
Programming Reference
Publication ID
B035-1144-170K
Language
English (United States)

An introduction to an optional reference to one or more expressions in the select expression list used to group rows in the result set.

A GROUP BY clause is valid when coded as part of a seed statement.

GROUP BY is never valid when coded as part of a recursive statement.

See Teradata Vantage™ - SQL Data Manipulation Language, B035-1146 for more information.

ordinary_grouping_set
A column expression by which the rows returned by the request are grouped.
ordinary_grouping_set includes:
  • column_name specifies a set of column names drawn from the list of tables specified in the FROM clause of the SELECT statement that is used in the GROUP BY clause to specify the columns by which data is to be grouped.

    You cannot include LOB columns in the grouping expression.

  • column_position specifies the sequential numeric position of columns within the column_list clause of the SELECT statement that is used in the GROUP BY clause to specify the order in which data is to be grouped.

    This must be a positive integer.

    You cannot include LOB columns in the grouping expression.

    Use of column_position is a Teradata extension to the ANSI SQL-2011 standard.

  • expression specifies any list of valid SQL expressions specified for the GROUP BY clause.

    You can specify column_name, column_position, and expression either as individual entries or as a list.

    You cannot include LOB columns in the ordinary grouping set.

    Use of expression is a Teradata extension to the ANSI SQL-2011 standard.

empty_grouping_set
A contiguous LEFT PARENTHESIS, RIGHT PARENTHESIS pair with no argument. In general, this syntax is used to request a grand total.
rollup_list
A ROLLUP expression that reports result rows in a single dimension with one or more levels of detail. See Teradata Vantage™ - SQL Data Manipulation Language, B035-1146 for further information.
cube_list
A CUBE expression that reports result rows in multiple dimensions with one or more levels of detail. See Teradata Vantage™ - SQL Data Manipulation Language, B035-1146 for further information.
grouping_sets_specification
A GROUPING SETS expression that reports result rows in one of two ways:
  • As a single dimension, but without a full ROLLUP.
  • As multiple dimensions, but without a full CUBE.
See Teradata Vantage™ - SQL Data Manipulation Language, B035-1146 for further information.