WHEN clauses are processed sequentially.
The first WHEN clause search_condition_n that is TRUE returns the value of its associated scalar_expression_n as its result. The evaluation process then ends.
If no search_condition_n is TRUE, then scalar_expression_m, the argument of the ELSE clause, is the result.
If no ELSE clause is defined, then the default value for the result is NULL.
You can use a scalar subquery in the WHEN clause, THEN clause, and ELSE clause of a CASE expression. If you use a non-scalar subquery (a subquery that returns more than one row), a runtime error is returned.
Recommendation: Do not use the built-in functions CURRENT_DATE or CURRENT_TIMESTAMP in a CASE expression that is specified in a partitioning expression for a partitioned primary index (PPI). In this case, all rows are scanned during reconciliation.