17.10 - Usage Notes - Advanced SQL Engine - Teradata Database

Teradata Vantageā„¢ - SQL Functions, Expressions, and Predicates

Advanced SQL Engine
Teradata Database
Release Number
Release Date
July 2021
Content Type
Programming Reference
Publication ID
English (United States)

WHEN clauses are processed sequentially.

The first WHEN clause value_expression_n that equates to value_expression_1 returns the value of its associated scalar_expression_n as its result. The evaluation process then terminates.

If no value_expression_n equals value_expression_1, then scalar_expression_m, the argument of the ELSE clause, is the result.

If no ELSE clause is defined, then the result defaults to NULL.

The data type of value_expression_1 must be comparable with the data types of all of the value_expression_n values.

For information on the result data type of a CASE expression, see Rules for the CASE Expression Result Type.

You can use a scalar subquery in the WHEN clause, THEN clause, and ELSE clause of a CASE expression. If you use a non-scalar subquery (a subquery that returns more than one row), a runtime error is returned.

Recommendation: Do not use the built-in functions CURRENT_DATE or CURRENT_TIMESTAMP in a CASE expression that is specified in a partitioning expression for a partitioned primary index (PPI). In this case, all rows are scanned during reconciliation.