16.20 - Functions - Teradata Database - Teradata Vantage NewSQL Engine

Teradata Vantage™ SQL Fundamentals

Product
Teradata Database
Teradata Vantage NewSQL Engine
Release Number
16.20
Published
March 2019
Language
English (United States)
Last Update
2019-05-02
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The following sections describe functions.

Scalar Functions

Scalar functions take input parameters and return a single value result. Some examples of standard SQL scalar functions are CHARACTER_LENGTH, POSITION, and SUBSTRING.

Aggregate Functions

Aggregate functions produce summary results. They differ from scalar functions in that they take grouped sets of relational data, make a pass over each group, and return one result for the group. Some examples of standard SQL aggregate functions are AVG, SUM, MAX, and MIN.

Built-In Functions

The built-in functions, or special register functions, which have no arguments, return various information about the system and can be used like other literals within SQL expressions. In an SQL query, the appropriate system value is substituted by the Parser after optimization but prior to executing a query using a cachable plan.

Available built-in functions include all of the following:
  • ACCOUNT
  • CURRENT_DATE
  • CURRENT_ROLE
  • CURRENT_TIME
  • CURRENT_TIMESTAMP
  • CURRENT_USER
  • DATABASE
  • DATE
  • PROFILE
  • ROLE
  • SESSION
  • TIME
  • USER

Related Topics

For more information about:
  • See Teradata Vantage™ SQL Functions, Expressions, and Predicates, B035-1145 for the following.
    • Names, parameters, return values, and other details of scalar and aggregate functions
    • Clauses and phrases