17.10 - Usage Notes - Advanced SQL Engine - Teradata Database

Teradata Vantage™ - Data Types and Literals

Product
Advanced SQL Engine
Teradata Database
Release Number
17.10
Release Date
July 2021
Content Type
Programming Reference
Publication ID
B035-1143-171K
Language
English (United States)

Internal Representation of TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE

Conceptually, TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE is treated as a record composed of eight fields, defined appropriately for the Gregorian calendar.

Field Name Minimum Value Maximum Value Storage Format
SECOND 00.000000 61.999999

This value accounts for leap seconds that can be added to the clock.

INTEGER(DECIMAL(8,6))
YEAR 0001 9999 SMALLINT
MONTH 01 12 BYTEINT
DAY 01 28, 29, 30, or 31

(depending on the month and year)

BYTEINT
HOUR 00 23 BYTEINT
MINUTE 00 59 BYTEINT
TIMEZONE_HOUR -12.59 +14.00 BYTEINT
TIMEZONE_MINUTE BYTEINT

Although the record is composed of numeric fields, it is not treated as a numeric value.

The length of the internal stored form is 12 bytes.

External Representation of TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE

TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE types are imported and exported in record and indicator modes as CHARACTER data using the ANSI format string and the site-defined client character set.

WHEN fractional_seconds_precision is … THEN the type is … AND the format is …
0 CHAR(25) 'yyyy-mm-dd hh:mi:ss-hh:mi'

or

'yyyy-mm-dd hh:mi:ss+hh:mi'

n

where n is 1 - 6

CHAR(26+n) 'yyyy-mm-dd hh:mi:ss.ss…-hh:mi'

or

'yyyy-mm-dd hh:mi:ss.ss…+hh:mi'

The following table shows examples of how TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE types are exported in record and indicator modes.

WHEN fractional_seconds_precision is … THEN length is … FOR example …
6 32 '2000-01-01 11:37:58.123456+08:00'
0 25 '2000-01-01 11:37:58-08:00'

TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE Format

For information about the TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE format and how to change it, see TIME and TIMESTAMP Formats.

Implicit and Explicit TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE Conversion

Vantage performs implicit conversion from CHARACTER to TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE types during assignment and comparison. This conversion is supported for CHAR and VARCHAR types only. You cannot convert a character data type of CLOB or CHAR/VARCHAR CHARACTER SET GRAPHIC to TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE.

Vantage also performs implicit conversion from TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE to TIME and DATE types in some cases. However, implicit TIMESTAMP WITH TIMEZONE to TIME conversion is not supported for comparisons.

You can use CAST to explicitly convert CHARACTER to TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE types and from TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE to TIME or DATE types.

For more information, see Teradata Vantage™ - SQL Functions, Expressions, and Predicates, B035-1145.