16.10 - SQL Functional Families and Binding Styles - Teradata Database

Teradata Database SQL Fundamentals

Product
Teradata Database
Release Number
16.10
Release Date
June 2017
Content Type
Programming Reference
Publication ID
B035-1141-161K
Language
English (United States)

The SQL language can be characterized in several different ways. This chapter is organized around functional groupings of the components of the language with minor emphasis on binding styles.

Functional Family

SQL provides facilities for defining database objects, for defining user access to those objects, and for manipulating the data stored within them.

The following list describes the principal functional families of the SQL language.
  • SQL Data Definition Language (DDL)
  • SQL Data Control Language (DCL)
  • SQL Data Manipulation Language (DML)
  • Query and Workload Analysis Statements
  • Help and Database Object Definition Tools

Some classifications of SQL group the data control language statements with the data definition language statements.

Binding Style

The ANSI/ISO SQL standards do not define the term binding style. The expression refers to a possible method by which an SQL statement can be invoked.

Teradata Database supports the following SQL binding styles:
  • Direct, or interactive
  • Embedded SQL
  • Stored procedure
  • SQL Call Level Interface (as ODBC)
  • JDBC

The direct binding style is usually not qualified in this book set because it is the default style. Embedded SQL and stored procedure binding styles are always clearly specified, either explicitly or by context.

Related Topics

For more information about:
  • Embedded SQL, see Teradata Preprocessor2 for Embedded SQL Programmer Guide or SQL Stored Procedures and Embedded SQL , B035-1148 .
  • Stored procedures, see SQL Stored Procedures and Embedded SQL , B035-1148 .
  • ODBC, see ODBC Driver for Teradata User Guide.
  • JDBC, see Teradata JDBC Driver User Guide.