5.4.5 - Recode - Teradata Warehouse Miner

In-Database Analytic Functions User Guide

Teradata Warehouse Miner
February 2018
User Guide

Recoding a categorical data column is done to re-express existing values of a column (variable) into some new coding scheme or to correct data quality problems and focus an analysis on a particular value. It allows for mapping individual values, NULL values, or any number of remaining values (ELSE option) to a new value, a NULL value or the same value.

Recoding supports character, numeric, and date type columns. If date values are entered, the keyword DATE must precede the date value, which should not be enclosed in single quotes.


call twm. td_analyze('vartran','database=twm_source;tablename=twm_customer;General Parameters;recode={recodevalues (value pairs),recodeother (n),columns (value)};');

Required Parameters

Controls the name of the output (transformed) column and its data type. The columns parameter is required by all transformations except Derive. A separate transformation is performed for each column in the list. If a column name is followed by a forward slash and a name, the name after the slash becomes the name of the transformed column in the resultant output table. Otherwise the column name is used as the output column name.
For the Derive transformation, the outputname parameter controls the naming of the transformed output column.
The database containing the input table.
Identifies the type of transformation being performed.

Specifies the value assumed for all other cases.

For example: recodeother (SAME)

Values allowed are:

  • SAME
  • NULL
  • A literal value

Lists the values to be recoded, alternating the old and new column values separated by a slash.

For example: recodevalues (F/f,M/SAME,NULL/0)

The keyword SAME is used for the same value.

The input table to build a predictive model from.
Required to run a variable transformation. Enclose the 'vartran' parameter in single quotes.

Optional Parameters

For all transformation types, the datatype casts the column to a desired database data type provided it is compatible with the transformed data.
Allowed output types include:
  • byteint
  • char
  • date
  • decimal
  • float
  • integer
  • smallint
  • time
  • timestamp
  • varchar
  • bigint
  • number
When true, requests a mirrored copy of the output table in the Teradata Database when outputstyle=table.
When true, the SQL for the requested transformations is returned as a result set but not executed. When not specified or set to false, the SQL is executed but not returned.
When true, requests the output table contain the index columns when outputstyle=table.
When true, requests the output table contain a unique primary index when outputstyle=table.
When null replacement is requested, either via a Null Replacement transformation or in combination with a Bin Code, Derive, Design Code, Recode, Rescale, Sigmoid, or Z Score transformation, the keycolumns parameter must be specified. The column or columns listed must form a unique key into the input and output table of the transformation.

Requests the generated SQL contain the given locking clause in the appropriate location depending on the output style.

An example of a locking clause when the output style defaults to select is:

LOCKING mydb.mytable FOR ACCESS;

When true, requests an output table that can contain duplicate rows when outputstyle=table.
When true, requests the output table contain no index columns when outputstyle=table.
Data types supported by various nullstyle parameters are:
Data Type Description Example
literal,value numeric, character, and date nullstyle (literal,value)
mean numeric and date nullstyle (mean)
median numeric and date nullstyle (median)
medianwithoutaveraging any supported data type nullstyle (medianwithoutaveraging)
mode any supported date type nullstyle (mode)
imputed,table any supported data type nullstyle (imputed,tablename)

If date values are entered, the keyword DATE must precede the date value, which should not be enclosed in single quotes.

The database containing the resulting output table when outputstyle=table or view.
The name of the output table when outputstyle=table or view.

When overwrite is set to true (default), the output tables are dropped before creating new ones.

Requests the generated SQL containing the given WHERE clause in appropriate places in the generated SQL. This is independent of the output style requested.


These examples show how to use Recode. To execute the provided examples, the td_analyze function must be installed in a database called twm and the Teradata Warehouse Miner tutorial data must be installed in the twm_source database.

The following example demonstrates the Recode transformation.

call twm.td_analyze('vartran','database=twm_source;tablename=twm_customer;recode={recodevalues(M/SAME,F/f),recodeother(NULL),columns(gender)}{recodevalues(1/SAME,2/NULL,3/6,4/4,NULL/NULL),recodeother(NULL),columns(marital_status)}{recodevalues(F/f,null/0),recodeother(same),columns(gender/gender2)}{recodevalues(0/0,1/1,2/1,3/1,4/1,5/1),recodeother(0),columns(nbr_children,years_with_bank)};');

This example shows how date literals can be used.

call twm.td_analyze('vartran',database=twm_source;tablename=twm_credit_acct;recode={recodevalues(DATE 1995-01-05/DATE 2016-06-15,DATE 1995-12-26/SAME),recodeother(DATE 2016-01-01),columns(acct_start_date)}{recodevalues(DATE 1995-01-05/DATE 2016-06-15,DATE 1995-12-26/SAME),recodeother(NULL),columns(acct_start_date/start2)}{recodevalues(DATE 1995-01-05/DATE 2016-06-15,DATE 1995-12-26/SAME),recodeother(SAME),columns(acct_start_date/start3)};');

This example demonstrates combined null replacement. The keycolumns parameter must be included as a general parameter when null value replacement is performed.

call twm.td_analyze('vartran',database=twm_source;tablename=twm_customer;keycolumns=cust_id;recode=recodevalues(0/0,1/1,2/1,3/1,4/1,5/1),recodeother(0),nullstyle(literal,0),columns(nbr_children,years_with_bank);');