Secondary Indexes | Database Design | Teradata Vantage - 17.10 - Secondary Indexes - Advanced SQL Engine - Teradata Database

Teradata Vantage™ - Database Design

Product
Advanced SQL Engine
Teradata Database
Release Number
17.10
Release Date
July 2021
Content Type
User Guide
Publication ID
B035-1094-171K
Language
English (United States)

This section describes Unique Secondary Indexes (USIs) and Nonunique Secondary Indexes (NUSIs).

When column demographics suggest their usefulness, the Optimizer selects secondary indexes to provide faster single row or set selection, depending on whether the index is a USI or a NUSI, respectively.

A secondary index is never required for database tables, but they can often improve system performance, particularly in decision support environments.

While secondary indexes are useful for optimizing repetitive and standardized queries, Vantage is also highly optimized to perform full-table scans in parallel. Because of the strength of full-table scan optimization, there is little reason to be heavy-handed about assigning multiple secondary indexes to a table.

You can either create secondary indexes when you create the table or you can add them later using the CREATE INDEX statement (see Teradata Vantage™ - SQL Data Definition Language Syntax and Examples, B035-1144). Unlike primary indexes, secondary indexes can be dropped and created at will.

For more information about how Vantage accesses data using a unique secondary index, see USI Access.

For more information about how Vantage accesses data using a nonunique secondary index, see NUSI Access and Performance.

For design issues related to secondary index support for tactical queries, see Two-AMP Operations: USI Access and Tactical Queries and NUSI Access and Tactical Queries.

As is true for other types of indexes, you should keep the statistics on your secondary indexes as current as possible.

The recommended practice for recollecting statistics is to set appropriate thresholds for recollection using the THRESHOLD options of the COLLECT STATISTICS statement. See “COLLECT STATISTICS in Teradata Vantage™ - SQL Data Definition Language Syntax and Examples, B035-1144 for details on how to do this.