Macros and Tactical Queries
You automatically get a multistatement request without coding it if you write multiple SQL statements within a macro because macros are always performed as a single request. The macro code can also specify parameters that are replaced by data each time the macro is performed. The most common way of substituting for the parameters is to specify a USING request modifier (see “USING Request Modifier” in SQL Data Manipulation Language).
Macros are usually more efficient for repetitive queries than single DML statements. Unlike procedures, macros are not designed to return parameters to the requestor: they return only the answer set for the SQL statements they contain.
Macros have the following advantages: