16.20 - Character Data - Teradata Database - Teradata Vantage NewSQL Engine

Teradata Vantage™ Data Types and Literals

Teradata Database
Teradata Vantage NewSQL Engine
March 2019
Programming Reference

In general, CHARACTER, VARCHAR, and CLOB data types represent character data.

Character data is automatically translated between the client and the database. Its form-of-use is determined by the client character set or session character set.

The form of character data internal to Teradata Database is determined by the server character set attribute of the column.


Note the definition of the following expressions used throughout this section.

Expression Definition
Character data type The definition for the type of data stored in a column.
  • Client character set
  • Session character set
  • Session charset
Defines how Teradata Database translates character data from client form to server form and from server form to client form. Specifically, a client character set consists of a set of translation codes that map each character in the client character set to an equivalent character in a server character set.

For details on client character sets, see Teradata Vantage™ NewSQL Engine International Character Set Support, B035-1125. For details on how to set the client character set for a session, refer to an appropriate tool or connectivity document such as Basic Teradata® Query Reference, B035-2414 or Teradata JDBC Driver Reference, available at https://developer.teradata.com/connectivity/reference/jdbc-driver .

Server character set The internal character storage handling implied by the ANSI CHARACTER SET phrase.



You can combine CHARACTER and VARCHAR types with the following options:
  • Server character set literal when the field data type is declared or modified.

    Character literals can be prefixed with a server character set to ensure conformity to the given server character set.

Teradata Database Output Conversion

Teradata Database translates output characters (internal-to-external, or I2E) from server form to one of the following:
  • The normal character set of the logged-on client.
  • The character set defined in the system tables as the default for the logon client.

    Query the DBC.HostsInfoV and DBC.CharSetsV views to see the contents of the system tables.

  • The character set specified for the current session, such as with the BTEQ .SET SESSION CHARSET command or the CLIv2 CHARSET call.