When working with geospatial data, it is often convenient to find the smallest rectangle or box shape that could contain a given 2D or 3D shape. Teradata Database includes methods and types that let you determine these "minimum bounding" shapes.
The ST_MBR() and MBB() methods on ST_Geometry return MBR and MBB types, respectively, that define these minimum bounding rectangle and box shapes. These are Teradata extensions to the SQL/MM Spatial standard.
Example: Finding the Minimum Bounding Box of Geometric Shapes
Consider the following table definition:
CREATE TABLE sample_MBRs (skey INTEGER, shape_mbr MBR);
The following SQL would obtain the MBR of each geometry in the shape column of the sample_shapes table using the ST_MBR method for ST_Geometry objects.
INSERT INTO sample_MBRs SELECT skey, shape.ST_MBR() FROM sample_shapes;