17.10 - You Can Specify Multiple Seed and Recursive Statements Within a Single Recursive View Definition - Advanced SQL Engine - Teradata Database

Teradata Vantage™ - SQL Data Definition Language Detailed Topics

Advanced SQL Engine
Teradata Database
Release Number
Release Date
July 2021
Content Type
Programming Reference
Publication ID
English (United States)

You can specify multiple seed and recursive statements within a single recursive view definition. The first statement specified must be a seed statement.

Although you can specify any number of seed or recursive statements within a single recursive view definition, the maximum SQL text size for the system is 1 megabyte.

The system evaluates the entire seed statement set at the beginning of the operation and then evaluates the entire recursive statement set on each iteration cycle, using the rows from the previous iteration as input. See Building a Recursive View.

As an example, consider the following example view definition, which is used to find all cities that can be reached from the German city of Kaiserslautern either by train or by plane.

CREATE RECURSIVE VIEW tc (source, destination, carrier, depth) AS (
  SELECT f.source, f.destination, f.carrier, 0 AS depth 
  FROM flights AS f                                       -- Query_1
  WHERE f.source ='Kaiserslautern'
   (SELECT r.source, r.destination,'EuroRail', 0 AS depth 
    FROM trains AS r                                      -- Query_2
    WHERE r.source ='Kaiserslautern'
    SELECT tcq.source, f.destination, f.carrier, tcq.depth + 1 
    FROM tc AS tcq, flights AS f                          -- Query_3
    WHERE tcq.destination=f.source 
    AND   tcq.depth <= 100 
    SELECT tcq.source, r.destination,'EuroRail', teq.depth + 1 
    FROM tc AS tcq, trains AS r                           -- Query_4
    WHERE tcq.destination = r.source 
    AND   tcq.depth <= 100  ) );

In this example, Query_1 and Query_2 are both seed statements, while Query_3 and Query_4 are both recursive statements. The parentheses used to segregate Query_1 from the other 3 queries are used to clarify the relationships, not to enforce execution order. Specifying parentheses within the recursive query do not affect execution order because the UNION ALL set operator is both associative and commutative.

Having defined the recursive view named tc, all you need to do to answer the question “find all cities that can be reached from the Kaiserslautern either by train or by plane” is to run the following simple SELECT statement.

    SELECT *
    FROM tc;